TROPINET, Vol. 7, No. 4, December 1996

Association for Tropical Biology on the World Wide Web at ATB members may want to check their listings in the Membership Directory posted on the homepage




15-20 JUNE 1997

The Association for Tropical Biology will meet with the Organization for Tropical Studies in San Jose, Costa Rica. The meeting will include symposia, contributed poster and paper sessions, workshops, field trips, social events, and business meetings. The Faculty of Biology of the University of Costa Rica will host a symposium celebrating its 40th anniversary. Abstracts for contributed papers and posters must be received by 30 January 1997. Instructions for preparation of abstracts and general information on the meeting may be found on the meeting web site:, or may be requested from the program chair at the address below. Deadline for registration of authors is 10 March 1997.

In recognition of the contributions of a singular scientist, mentor, and teacher, ATB has established the Alwyn Gentry Award for Best Student Paper presented at the annual meeting. Students who would like their posters or oral presentations considered for an award should indicate on their submitted abstract. Students should be the first author on the paper and should be reporting substantially their own work. Information: ATB Program Chair, Dr. Jorge Jimenez, Organization for Tropical Studies, 676-2050 San Pedro, San Jose, Costa Rica; Email:


Biodiversity and Conservation of Amphibians and Reptiles of Tropical Forests. The Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Hanoi, Vietnam. The tentative date for this conference is 1-3 June 1998. There will be ten plenary lectures, each dealing with a different geographical area, including Vietnam, China, Laos, Indonesia, the Philippines, Australia, South and Central America, and Africa. In addition, there will be several local excursions as part of the symposium. Information: Professor Kao Van Sung, Institute of Ecology and Bioresources, Vietnam National Institute for Natural Science and Technology, Nghia Do-Tu Liem-Hanoi, Vietnam.

International Conference on Medicinal Plants. Conservation, Utilization, Trade, and Cultural Traditions. Bangalore, India. 16-20 February 1998. The central theme of this conference, held at the National Institute of Advanced Studies, is "Medicinal Plants for Survival". Topics to be addressed will be approaches and strategies pertaining specifically to medicinal plants and related to conservation action, databases, national conservation policies, community oriented applications in context of Primary Health Care, domestication and cultivation, trade and small enterprise development, contributions of indigenous knowledge systems, and traditional knowledge and resource rights. Registration deadline is 31 March 1997. Information: Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions, No.50, 2nd Stage, MSH Layout, Anandanagar, Bangalore-560024, India. Tel: 91-80-3336909/0348. Fax: 91-80-3334167. Email:


Neotropical Biodiversity and Conservation. A.C. Gibson (ed). 1996. Mildred E. Mathias Botanical Garden, Los Angeles. This publication consists of chapters by invited authors from the 1995 Neotropical Symposium held at UCLA, and a short biography of Mildred E. Mathias, including her lifetime publications. 202 + xxi.pp. ISBN: 0-9655575-0-2. $25.00. Orders: Mildred E. Mathias Botanical Garden, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1606. Tel: 310-825-3620. Fax: 310-206-3987. Email:

Ants of the Leaf Litter (ALL) Conference: Ilheus, Brazil. In August, 1996, ant biologists with interests in biogeography and conservation met at the ALL conference in Ilheus, Brazil. This international collaboration of ecologists and systematists will help bring the study of leaf litter ants into the center of biodiversity and conservation research. The goal of the workshop was to create standardized methods for collecting ground dwelling ants. These methods may be applied both to the preparation of environmental assessments and to a growing worldwide database of the diversity and abundance of leaf litter ant species. The meeting resulted in the beginning of an Internet database for the identification of ants and cataloging of findings ( Information about the workshop: McGlynn, University of Colorado.

The 7th Symposium on the Natural History of the Bahamas. Bahamian Field Station, San Salvador, Bahamas. 13-17 June 1997. The objectives of the symposium are: to provide a forum for the presentation of the results of current natural scientific research being conducted throughout the Bahamas archipelago and similar areas such as Florida and parts of the Caribbean; to provide an informal setting for the stimulation of contacts and cooperation between scientists working in the Bahamas and similar areas; and to promote the growth of knowledge in the general area of Bahamian terrestrial and marine sciences. Interested authors are invited to contribute to the symposium program by presenting papers or participating in a poster session. The deadline for submitting paper and poster abstracts is 15 March 1997. Preregistration for the symposium is 1 February 1997. Information: Dr. Daniel R. Suchy, Bahamian Field Station Ltd, c/o Twin Air, 1100 Lee Wagener Blvd., Suite 113, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33315. Tel: 809-331-2520.

Fundacion Jatun Sacha Volunteer Program. The Jatun Sacha Foundation offers opportunities for volunteer interns to participate in research, education, community service, station maintenance, plant conservation, and agroforesty activities. Information: Ana Lucia Benitez, Fundaci¢n Jatun Sacha, Casilla 17-12-867, Avenida R¡o Coca 1734, Quito, Ecuador. Tel: 02-441-592, 250-976, 253-267. Fax: 02-441-592, 253-266. Email:

Brazilian Ecological Congress. The III Congresso de Ecolog¡a do Brasil was held in Brasilia, DF, from 6-11 October 1996. This meeting was sponsored by the Brazilian Ecological Society and was organized by the Departamento de Ecolog¡a of the Universidade de Brasilia. The central theme for this Congress was "Global Change and Management of Ecosystems", with three symposium sessions devoted to these topics. Overall, 15 different symposia were organized and eight round-table discussions were also held, on topics such as: Conservation Biology, Water Resources in the Federal District of Brazil, Ecophysiology of Planktonic Organisms, and Environmental Education. The number of attendees was a record, with over 1500 persons officially registered. Over 1000 abstracts were submitted and 980 were accepted for presentation as posters. The Congress had a distinct international flavor, with invited speakers for the symposium sessions from seven countries (10 from the U.S., two from Australia, and one each from Canada, Mxico, U.K., Venezuela and Zimbabwe). The quality of the sessions was excellent and the Congress was an important step in the consolidation of ecological research in Brazil.--John Du Vall Hay, Departamento de Ecolog¡a, Universidade de Brasilia. Email:


Building Bridges with Traditional Knowledge: An Exploration of Issues Involving Indigenous Peoples, Conservation, Development, and Ethnoscience. Gainesville FL, USA, 12-15 February 1997. This international, interdisciplinary conference will explore issues involving indigenous peoples, conservation, development, and ethnoscience. The conference will be divided into six sessions. Each session will consist of three speakers, a chair, and a 30 minute discussion. Interested students may contribute a poster to the conference that will be judged by invited speakers and sessions chairs. Cash prizes totaling $800 will be awarded to the best student poster submissions and the five best projects will be reviewed and published in the conference proceedings. Information: on the conference web site (, or from Alexandra Paul, BBT Conference, POB 11329, Gainesville FL 32611-0430. Email:

Population Status and Conservation of Amphibians. This symposium, sponsored by The Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles in conjunction with the annual meeting of the Declining Amphibians Populations Task Force (DAPTF), took place on 27 July 1996. Among the papers presented were, Declining amphibian populations or natural population fluctuations? The case of the Puerto Rican frogs, by R. Joglar et al., and Status and conservation of anuran populations in Estaci¢n de Biolog¡a Tropical Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mxico, by R. Vogt. Information: Dr. R. Heyer, Chair, DAPTF, NHB Mail Stop 180. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560 USA.

Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting. The ESA will hold its 82nd Annual Meeting 11-14 August 1997 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ESA will be joined by the Nature Conservancy. The meeting will include symposia, contributed paper and poster sessions, workshops, field trips, social events, and business meetings. The deadline for receipt of abstracts for poster or contributed paper sessions is 31 January 1997. Information for abstract submission can be found on the ESA Web page: http://www/sdsc/edu/~ESA/, in the ESA Bulletin 77(4): 185-187, or from the Program Chair, Dr. Fred Wagner, Ecology Center Utah State University, Logan UT 84322-5205 USA; Tel: 801-797-2098; Email:

Book Review

Forest Canopies. Margaret D. Lowman and Nalini Nadkarni (eds.). 1995. San Diego: Academic Press. 624 pp. ISBN: 0-12-457650-8. This book will help organize the growing interest in studying forest canopies by summarizing the state of canopy research in many different disciplines. The editors are two pioneering canopy biologists who have been instrumental in creating a network of scientists working above ground level. Not all of the papers focus on tropical forest canopies, but those that summarize research in extra-tropical forest canopies will still provide useful insights for tropical biologists. The diverse contributions to the volume are organized into four sections on: structure and function, organisms, processes, and human impacts on canopy research. In the first section, a chapter by Moffet and Lowman is a useful compendium of access techniques for working in the forest canopy. Parker reviews canopy structure and microclimate, using examples primarily from several temperate deciduous forests, but with clear implications for tropical forests. He calls for careful empirical studies to test current models that are based on ideal cases, mean conditions, and simple structures. Other chapters in this section discuss canopy architecture of tropical trees (Hall), and heat exchange mechanisms (Fitzjarrald and Moore). The section on organisms takes up about half of the book and presents state-of-the-knowledge reviews of the biodiversity and biology of key canopy groups, e.g. vascular and nonvascular epiphytes, mistletoes, vines, lizards, mammals, birds, ants, mites, and other arthropods. I am puzzled that there was no section on frogs, and I was disappointed that arthropods were given relatively short shrift despite their abundance and functional importance (vertebrates: 74 pp., plants: 152 pp., arthropods: 62 pp.). The section on canopy processes covers four subject areas: photosynthesis (Holbrook and Lund), herbivory (Lowman), reproductive biology and genetics (Murawski), and role of nutrient cycling by epiphytes (Coxson and Nadkarni). As in the previous section, I was struck both by the progress that has been made in each of these areas, but also by what topics were not represented. For example, is the population biology of trees any less a canopy process than a ground-level process? What about nutrient cycling and gas exchange by the canopy as a whole? Quite possibly, these disappointing omissions might reflect a lack of research in these areas. The final (and no doubt purposefully idiosyncratic) section on human impacts treats ethnobotany, collecting techniques, and ecotourism. A summary by Nadkarni and Lowman puts into perspective the accomplishments represented by the research in this volume. The wealth of information presented will make the book of interest to both specialists on the taxa and subject areas covered, and to generalist biologists interested in how the canopy works and who lives there. To a reluctantly earthbound tropical biologist like myself, the book provided a much needed and inspiring perspective on the world above.--E. Braker.

Field Station Profile

The Belize Zoo & Tropical Education Center

Located in the tropical savanna habitat of Belize, between the capital of Belmopan and the country's largest urban center, Belize City, the Belize Zoo and Tropical Education Center consists of 84 acres of land. Funded by a grant from the John D. and Catharine T. MacArthur Foundation for its development into a natural history field station, the elevation of the Tropical Education Center is 30 meters above sea level and has an annual rainfall of 80 inches. The Field Station facilities include dormitory space for up to fifteen people, a full service kitchen, a library, and a large classroom and study area. All the buildings have 110 volt electricity, with the exception of the dormitories. The facility offers a bird observation deck and numerous nature trails, as well as opportunities for both day and night visits to observe the local flora and fauna, located less than one mile away in the Belize Zoo. In addition, the Field Station is within two hours of other protected areas, the Mt. Pine Forest, a lowland tropical moist forest, and a riverine forest. A tropical wet forest is located five hours by car from the Field Station.

The Zoo and Tropical Education Center has an extensive species list composed of approximately six mammals, twenty bats, twenty four amphibians, fifty four reptiles, and over one hundred and thirty nine birds. These species, as well as the native flora and fauna are observable on the Self-Guided Savanna Trail, an undisturbed area of the Belizian savanna land. The trail takes individuals from the open pine ridge to the more dense vegetation of the broken ridge, and the Education Center provides visitors with information about the animal and plant species in the park in their trail booklet.

Utilized in the past by the American International University, Raleigh International, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Dartmouth College, and a myriad of other independent researchers, this facility enables the interested child, amateur naturalist, and experienced scientist to experience a virtually untouched, accessible, and diverse natural habitat in Belize. Information: Mrytle Flowers, Director of Education, The Belize Zoo and Tropical Education Center, P.O. Box 1781, Belize City, Belize, Central America. Tel: 501-081-3004, Fax: 501-081-3004.


Meetings and Events (Items marked * are new this issue )


Pan African Ornithological Congress 9. Accra, Ghana, 1-8 December. Information: Dr. Yaa Ntiamoa-Baidu, Ghana Wildlife Society, PO Box 13252, Accra, Ghana.


*Scarabiology Symposium. Kruger National Park, South Africa, 15-19 January. Information: Steven Chown, Dept. of Zoology and Entomology, Faculty of Biological and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. Email:

*Society of Ethnobiology Annual Conference. Athens, GA, USA, 26-29 March. Information: L. Bryan, Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia, Athens GA 30602. Tel: 706-542-1433.

*Tenth Annual Meeting of the Society of Caribbean Ornithology. Dutch West Indies, 1-6 August. Paper sessions, workshops include Caribbean Seabird conservation and ecology, wetland rehabilitation, Caribbean land bird evolution, and conservation implications. Information: Mr. Roeland E. de Kort, Dept. Housing Development and Environment, Frankrijkstraat #7, Oranjestad, Aruba. Tel: 297-8-32345. Fax: 297-8-32342.

*Association of Systematics Collections. Annual meeting held jointly with the Association of Science Museum Directors (ASMD). "The Collections-Based Mission of Natural History Collections". Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 24-26 April. Information: ASC, 1725 K St. N.W., Suite 601, Washington D.C. USA. 20006-1401. Tel: 202-835-9050; Fax: 202-835-7334; Email:; WWW: Http://

*North American Benthological Society - 45th Annual Meeting. Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas, 26-30 May. The Plenary Session of the meeting will be: Aquatic Endangered Species: Their Role in Ecosystems and Water Quality and Quantity Issues. Abstracts due 16 December 1996. Information: Dr. Tom Arsuffi, Program Chair., Dept. of Biology - Aquatic Station, Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666. Tel: 512-245-2284. Fax: 512-245-7919.

*The Society for Conservation Biology Annual Meeting. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, 6-9 June. The major theme this year is Marine Conservation Biology. Single and multi-day field trips are planned for 10-14 June, and will include topics and destinations such as: Forests and Forestry in the Carmanah Valley, Gray Whales of Clayoquot Sound, Marine Biota of the Strait of Georgia, and Enthnobotany of British Columbia Aboriginal People. Call for papers and posters deadline is 15 January. Information: Pat McGuire, Conference Management, University of Victoria, PO Box 3030, Victoria, BC, Canada, V8W 3N6. Tel: 250-721-8746. Fax: 250-721-8744. Email: WWW:

*Evolution of Biological Diversity: From Population Differentiation to Speciation. London, UK, 9-10 July 1997. Information: The Science Promotion Section, The Royal Society, 6 Carlton House Terrace, London, UK SW1Y 5AG.


*INTECOL: VII International Congress of Ecology. Florence, Italy, 19-25 July. Information: Almo Farina, INTECOL Vice President, Secretariat VII International Congress of Ecology, Lunigiana Museum of Natural History, Fortezza della Brunella, 54011 Aulla, Italy. +39-187-400252; FAX: +39-187-420727; Email: Web site:

*Second International Canopy Conference. Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, Florida, USA, 4-9 November 1998. Extensive methods workshop and post conference field trip to major canopy site. Information: Meg Lowman, Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, 811 South Palm Ave. Sarasota, FL 34236, USA. Tel: 941-955-7553 x15. Fax: 941-951-1474. Email:


Plant Systematist. The University of Wisconsin, Department of Botany seeks a distinguished Plant Systematist to assume a tenured professorial position preferably at the Associate Professor level. Duties include teaching, research, and directorship of the Wisconsin State Herbarium. The Department and Herbarium seek candidates whose training and abilities will expand the University's and Department's breadth in biosystematics including, but not limited to, tropical systematics, plant animal interactions, paleobotany, morphological evolution, or fern systematics. The successful candidate will be expected to contribute to the development of systematic biology on the campus, provide leadership in the Herbarium, and develop an active program of research and instruction. Applicants should send a curriculum vitae, a statement of research and teaching interests, current and long term goals, and three letters of recommendation. The deadline for receiving applications is 15 January 1997. Send applications to: Professor Kenneth J. Sytsma, Chair of Search Committee, Botany Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706.

Tropical Plant Ecologist. The Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service seeks applicants for a permanent position in Tropical Plant Ecology. The Institute is continuing development of its program on the ecology and management of non-indigenous plant species in Hawaii with the appointment of a population/community ecologist. Candidates are preferred who can demonstrate a rigorous experimental approach applicable to the invasion and impact of non-indigenous plant species in forest environments. The position will be based at the Forestry Research Laboratory in Hilo, Hawai'i. The institute has additional research facilities at nearby Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park. Hilo is a small multicultural town in a wet tropical setting at the base of Mauna Kea. Excellent schools and other facilities are available. Salary: $41926 a 15% cost of living allowance. A vacancy announcement which includes qualification requirements and application procedures may be requested from the PSW Research Station Personnel Office 510-559-6300. Inquiries about the position: Dr. Dennis J. O'Dowd. Tel: 808-935-6292. Email: The USDA is an affirmative action, equal-opportunity employer.

Post-doc in palm ecophysiology and sustainable harvesting. A post-doctoral research position is available starting in spring of 1997 to study carbon gain and leaf dynamics of tropical understory palms in the genus Chamaedorea. This binational project (with David Ackerly, Stanford University, USA and Miguel Martinez-Ramos and Ken Oyama, Universidad Nacional Aut¢noma de Mxico) addresses basic questions in the interface of ecophysiology and population dynamics, as well as the biological basis of sustainable leaf harvesting in these plants. The research will involve field work in the Chajul Biological Reserve, Chiapas, Mxico, greenhouse experiments at Stanford University, and a collaborative modeling effort to synthesize experimental results. For more details see Applicants must have a Ph.D. in ecology, with a strong background in the ecophysiology of photosynthesis, whole plant carbon gain and leaf dynamics. Ability to converse and conduct day-to-day affairs in Spanish is required. The position is available for two years, with extensions contingent on additional funding. Applicants should send a letter of interest and cv by 15 January 1997 to David Ackerly, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford CA 94305 USA or

Research Fellowship at the Kuala Belalong Field Studies Center. The Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD) offers a number of one-year post-doctoral research fellowships within the faculty of science for research in Brunei Darussalam. Ecologically oriented research topics are especially encouraged and preference may be given to projects which complement work already in progress. Applicants are required to submit a completed application form, accompanied by a brief cv and a detailed research proposal. Application deadline: 7 December 1996. Information: The Registrar and Secretary - Research Fellowships, University Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. Email:

Urban Environmental Studies. Occidental College invites applications for the Henry R. Luce Professorship in Urban Environmental Studies. With funding from the Henry Luce Foundation, the Luce Professor will be responsible for establishing and coordinating a new Urban Environmental Studies Project: an interdisciplinary group of faculty and students, courses, research and public service programs focused on understanding urban environmental issues, and using metropolitan Southern California as a laboratory. We seek a scholar or professional, from any academic discipline, who is recognized for his/her intellectual skills in some aspect of the urban environment, and with a strong record of research and/or public service in urban environmental problems and solutions to help Occidental build this project. Review of applications will begin on 6 December 1996 and continue until the position is filled. Potential candidates seeking additional information about this position should contact Professor Jim Sadd, Chair, Environmental Science and Studies Program ( or (213) 259-2518) or Professor Peter Dreier, Director, Public Policy Program ( or (213) 259-2913). Persons seeking general knowledge about Occidental College should consult the College web page (


Mellon Research Enhancement Awards in Tropical Biology. The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) and the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS) announce a second round of competition for research enhancement awards. Awards supported by the Andrew Mellon Foundation, will support summer salary and travel for up to three years. Applications are invited from established investigators in all fields of ecological and evolutionary biology to conduct comparative research between STRI and OTS field sites in Panama and Costa Rica. Successful applicants are expected to apply for other sources research support. Long-term scientific interaction across these sites is the expected benefit of this program. Applications will be accepted until 31 December 1996. Proposals are limited to five pages of text. The text should outline the significance of the scientific issue being addressed by the research, briefly describe the proposed methods, emphasize the importance of the cross-site comparison for this issue and address the potential for long-term interaction across the sites. Previous research performed by the PI at any of the sites should also be highlighted. In addition, each proposal should include a brief summary of the project (one paragraph), a budget, a budget justification approved by the home institution of the PI, a timetable, a full cv, a conflict of interest statement and an indication of what other sources of funds are in place of will be sought. Information: Education Office, Smithsonian, Apdo 2072, Balboa, Ancon, Panama or Unit 0948, APO AA 34002-0948, USA. Email: STRI.TIVOLI.DEALBAG@IC.SI.EDU.

The Biological Research Station of the Edmund Niles Huyck Preserve Graduate and Post-Graduate Research Grants. Grants offered of a maximum of $2,500 to support biological research which utilizes the resources of the Preserve. Among the research areas supported are basic and applied ecology, animal behavior, systematics, evolution, and conservation. The 2000 acre Preserve is located on the Helderberg Plateau, 30 miles southwest of Albany. Habitats include northeast hardwood hemlock forests, conifer plantations, old fields, permanent and intermittent streams, 10 and 100 acre lakes and several waterfalls. Facilities include a wet and dry lab, library, and houses/cabins for researchers. Application deadline: 1 February 1997. Application material may be obtained from Dr. Richard L. Wyman, Executive Director, Huyck Preserve and Biological Research Station, PO Box 189, Rensselaerville, NY 12147.

Smithsonian Research Fellowships. The Smithsonian Institution announces its research fellowships for 1997, award to support independent research in residence at the Smithsonian in association with the research staff and using the Institution's resources. Many areas, including tropical biology, are supported. The deadline is 15 January 1997 for all fellowships, including senior, predoctoral, postdoctoral, and graduate student fellowships. Information: Smithsonian Institution, Office of Fellowships and Grants, 955 L'Enfant Plaza, Suite 7000, Washington DC 20560 USA. Email:

Smithsonian Minority Internship Program. Internships are available for U.S. minority students to participate in research and museum-related activities for 9-12 months during summer, fall, and spring. Applications and information: Smithsonian Institution, Office of Fellowships and Grants (address above).


Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Mammals. D.E. Wilson, F.R. Cole, J.D. Nichols, R. Rudran, and M.S. Foster (eds.). 1996. Smithsonian Institution Press. More than fifty authors present standardized methods for measuring and monitoring mammal populations. Taxa covered range from small mammals to bats to large grazers. Cloth: ISBN 1-56098-636-0, $49.00; paper: ISBN 1-56098-637-9, $22.50. Orders: Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 20560 USA. Tel: 800-782-612, 703-661-1599.

Encyclopedia of Plant Anatomy, Vo. IX/4. The Cambial Derivatives. M. Iqbal (ed.), 1995. E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Gebruder Bortraeger Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, Germany. 363pp. 74 figures. 13 tables. 24x17 cm, DM 198,-ISBN 3-443-14021-1. Orders: Johannesstrasse 3 A. D-70176 Stuttgart. Tel: 0711-625001. Fax: 0711-625005.

Principles of Sustainable Development. F.D. Muschett, Ph.D. (Ed). 1996. St. Lucie Press. Addresses the need for developed and developing countries to enter into a new phase of global trade and economic development. 200pp. Hardcover: ISBN: 1-57444-079-9. $49.95. Orders: 100 E. Linton Blvd., Suite 403B, Delray Beach, FL 33483. Tel: 407-274-9906. Fax: 407-274-9927. Email:

Sustainable Community Development. C. Maser. St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL. Presents a picture of sustainable community development based on human values, active learning, and shared communication and cooperation withing a fluid system, that becomes a shared societal vision both culturally and environmentally. 280 pp. Soft-cover: ISBN: 1-57444-070-5. $39.95. Orders: 100 E. Linton Blvd., Suite 403B, Delray Beach, FL 33483. Tel: 407-274-9906. Fax: 407-274-9927. Email:

The Ecology of Migrant Birds: A Neotropical Perspective. J.H. Rappole. 1996. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC. 504 pp. Illus. ISBN cloth: 1-56098-514-3. $35.00.

The Ecology of Tropical Rainforest: Seasonal Rhythms and Long-term Changes, Second Edition. E.G. Leigh, A.S. Rand, D.M. Windsor, (Eds). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC. 480 pp. ISBN paper: 1-56098-642-5. $29.95.

Forgotten Pollinators. Ten Essential Reasons to Protect the Birds and Bees: How an Impending Pollination Crisis Threatens Plants and the Food on Your Table. This brochure details the reasons for pollinator protection, then lists the ways in which farmers, agricultural policy makers gardeners, researchers, and others can help conserve pollinators. A short version of this publication was featured in the June 1996 Tropinet. Information: Forgotten Pollinators Campaign, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, 2021 N. Kinney Rd., Tucson, AZ 85743. Email:

World Resources 1996-97. World Resources 1996-97: A Guide to the Global Environment and World Resources 1996-97 database diskettes are now available from the World Resources Institute. The guide serves as a reference on the global environment, featuring the latest information on essential economic, population, and natural resource conditions and trends for a majority of the world's countries. A special section on the urban environment analyzes the environmental challenges facing the world's cities. The diskette features all the vital economic, population, natural resource, and environmental statistics found in the guide, plus 20-yr. time series for many variables. The complete text is also available on the World Wide Web at: Information: WRI Publications, P.O. Box 4852, Hampden Station, Baltimore MD 21211. Tel: 800-822-0504. Fax: 410-516-6998.